Report on User-Generated Content (UGC) in TV and Online News

Another interesting report from the Tow Center for Digital Journalism: AMATEUR FOOTAGE: A GLOBAL STUDY OF USER-GENERATED CONTENT IN TV AND ONLINE-NEWS OUTPUT is by Claire Wardle, Sam Dubberley, and Pete Brown. 

This Phase 1 Report (April 2014) represents research that has been split into quantitative and qualitative phases with this report focusing largely on the former.  I couldn’t find a timetable for when we might expect Phase II, which will focus on interviews with over 60 journalists and editors, but I’ll keep an eye out for it.

Conclusions from the Executive Summary:

1) UGC is used by news organizations daily, but only when other content is not available to tell the story.

2) News organizations are poor and inconsistent in labeling content as UGC and crediting the individual who captured the content.

Our data showed more similarities than differences across television and Web output, with troubling practices across both platforms. The best use of UGC was online, mostly because the Web provides opportunities for integrating UGC into news output like live blogs and topic pages.

New E-Resource: A History of Journalism in China

New to Penn Libraries E-Resources is A History of Journalism in China, a 10-volume English language overview on the subject, the first of its kind.

This encyclopedic work from Enrich Publishing spans 200 BC to 1991 covering all aspects of journalism in China’s history– including newspapers, periodicals, news agencies, broadcast television, photography, documentary film, and journals–all against the backdrop of the region’s significant historical events. Not only Mainland China is included in this overview, but Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau, and the larger Chinese diaspora.

All ten volumes were authored by Fang Hanqi, Professor Emeritus in Journalism, who is considered the “Father of China’s Modern Journalism.”

  Content Highlights (from the Publisher):

    • The Early Newspaper Publishing Activities of Foreigners in China


  • Political Standpoints of the Chinese-Operated Newspapers



  • Journalism in the era of the 1911 Revolution



  • Journalism in the Early Republic Period of China



  • Journalism in the May Fourth Movement



  • The Founding of the Communist Party in China and Journalism during 1924–1927



  • The CPC’s Journalism during the Chinese Civil War



  • Kuomintang Journalism and Private Journalism during the Ten-Year Civil War



  • Journalism in the Kuomintang-Controlled Areas during Anti-Japanese War



  • Anti-Japanese Propaganda in Journalism in Hong Kong and Overseas



  • Journalism in the Liberated Areas during the Second Chinese Civil War



  • Gargantuan Changes of Journalism in China



  • Journalism in the Construction of Socialism (January 1957–May 1966)



  • Journalism in the Rectification Movement and the Anti-Rightist Movement


Post-Industrial News Spaces

The Tow Center for Digital Journalism has just published Moving the Newsroom: Post-Industrial News Spaces and Places. This 61-page multimedia report by Nikki Usher shows what The Miami Herald, The Des Moines Register, the Fort Worth Star-Telegram, and The Seattle Times have done “to turn from sadness to opportunity through a journey of physical space” and concludes that “symbols–buildings–matter.”

Table of Contents

I. Introduction: Moving the Newsroom: Post-Industrial News Spaces and Places

II. Why Move Now?

III. Moving Out: From Leaving the Heart of Downtown to Resettling a Block Away

IV. Symbolic Space: It Matters

V. Reconfiguring Physical Space to Make Way for the Digital Future

VI. The System Behind the Hubs—Change for the Better

VII. Mobile Journalism: Leaving behind Physical Space

VIII. What We Can Learn From All of This

IX. Physical Spaces, Newsroom Places: Considered

Appendix: Newsroom Photo Galleries

State of the News Media 2014

It’s that time of year again.  Don’t forget to check out The Pew Research Center’s STATE OF THE NEWS MEDIA 2014. The Pew Center’s Journalism Project has been assessing the news media since 1997 and these annual reports, chock-full of data, researchers and students have come to rely on for insight on developing trends in the news media. If you want to compare new findings to previous years click on Datasets for data (in .zip files) from 2008 through 2013.

I’ve raided the Overview for these six findings you can
read more about in the whole report:

1) Thirty of the largest digital-only news organizations account for about 3,000 jobs and one area of investment is global coverage. 
2) So far, the impact of new money flowing into the industry may be more about fostering new ways of reporting and reaching audience than about building a new, sustainable revenue structure. 
3) Social and mobile developments are doing more than bringing consumers into the process – they are also changing the dynamics of the process itself.
4) New ways of storytelling bring both promise and challenge. 
5) Local television, which reaches about nine in ten U.S. adults, experienced massive change in 2013, change that stayed under the radar of most. 
6) Dramatic changes under way in the makeup of the American population will undoubtedly have an impact on news in the U.S, and in one of the fastest growing demographic groups – Hispanics – we are already seeing shifts. 
One thing that confused me about this year’s offering is that there is no single pdf for it. When you go to the link the Report is broken down into separate boxes that add up to the full report. Don’t be fooled by the Overview page that has a pdf called Complete Report–it’s only the Overview. Go figure.

Book Spotlight: Mimi Sheller’s Aluminum Dreams

The genre of commodity histories has a great new addition in Mimi Shellers Aluminum Dreams: The Making of Light Modernity (MIT Press, 2014). The book is much like the material it chronicles.  While there is a density of thought to it (that is exhilarating), it is not a heavy, obfuscating read like a lot of academic writing can be. It’s sleek and beautiful, too, including “a generous selection of striking images of iconic aluminum designs, many in color, drawn from advertisements by Alcoa, Bohn, Kaiser, and other major corporations, pamphlets, films, and exhibitions” (publisher’s description). That’s why I’ve decided not to bury it in my Booknotes list of a few dozen titles but give it a post of its own. 
Dr. Sheller, Professor of Sociology and Director of the Center for Mobilities Research and Policy at Drexel University, visited The Annenberg School last week as a guest of PARGC. While she was there to deliver a talk on  The Ethics of Connected Mobility in a Disconnected World: Bridging Uneven Topologies of Hertzian Space in Post-Disaster Haiti she had her new book with her which I was lucky enough to get my hands on. This led to one of those on-the-spot library purchase decisions that remind you why you got into the profession.

“This book tells the story…of space machines and streamlined gadgets, mobile homes and soaring cities, and the double-edged sword of utopia and catastrophe that hastens us toward the accelerated metallic future envisioned in the twentieth century. The chapters that follow go beyond existing business histories that celebrate the age of aluminum as if it were an inevitable product of this “magic metal,” but also beyond the important but one-sided environmental diatribes against heavy industry and transnational corporations, which sometimes ignore the realities of cultural dreams and efficient mobility…The chapters that follow will trace the flow of aluminum around the world, like a ribbon of metal running through the fabric of modernity from one end of the world to the other. Following this thread will allow us to knit together the First World and the Third World, capitalism and communism, the North and the Tropics, battlefields and home fronts, industry and ideas, text and images, the ‘modernizing’ past the the ‘sustainable’ future. It will also challenge us to confront some of the most basic questions about the future of life of earth, the amount of energy we can sustainably use, and what our lives would be like if we tried to live without certain modern conveniences predicated on aluminum’s contribution to lightness, speed, and mobility.” —Mimi Sheller “Overview of Book” from the Introduction
You can borrow the book from Annenberg Reserve (see me about extending your loan time).  Van Pelt will have a copy soon, too. 

Digital Newspaper Archive Research

The special issue of the latest Media History (Volume 20, Number 1, 2014), devoted to digital newspaper archive research, grew out of a conference held at the University of Sheffield in 2011 of the AHRC (Arts and Humanities

Research Council) Research Network, Exploring the language of the popular in American and British newspapers 1833–1988.

As John Steel explains in the issue’s Introduction, The papers in this volume…signal developments and opportunities in the production, use and development of digital archives themselves. The papers either explicitly address the range of challenges and opportunities of using digital newspaper archives while at the same time presenting research made possible by the archives. Other papers are less evaluative or prescriptive and demonstrate the scope and depth of analysis that such archives allow for media historians.”
Articles include: Elemental Forms: The newspaper as popular genre in the nineteenth century, by James Mussell

Nineteenth-Century Journalism Online—The Market Versus Academia? by Clare Horrocks

Jingoism, Public Opinion, And The New Imperialism: Newspapers and Imperial Rivalries at the fin de siècle, by Simon J. Potter

King Demos and His Laureate: Rudyard Kipling’s ‘The White Man’s Burden,’ Transatlanticism, and the Newspaper Poem, by John Lee

The development of discourse presentation in The Times, 1833–1988, by Andreas H. Jucker and Manuel Berger

Archiving the Visual: The promises and pitfalls of digital newspapers, by Nicole Maurantonio

Introducing Sociometrics

Sociometrics, newly added to the Penn Library e-resources, offers access to social-behavioral health science data, including social science health data sets, psychological tests, effective evidence-based prevention and treatment programs and multimedia health education resources.  Modules include:

Children’s Emotional Disorders Effective Treatment Archive

Early Intervention Program Archive to Reduce Developmental Disability

Global HIV Archive

HIV RAP Interactive

HIV/AIDS Prevention Program Archive

Know the Risks: HIV Screening & Education

Know the Risks: Sexual Health Over 50

Program Archive on Sexuality, Health, & Adolescence

PsyTestAR: Psychological Test and Assessment Resource

SAHARA: HIV Prevention for African American Young Women

SiHLE: HIV Prevention for African American Teen Women

WILLOW: Secondary Prevention for African-American Women living with HIV

This resource is bought to us by the Sociometrics Corporation which you may already know from The Social Science Electronic Data Library (SSEDL) that provides a collection of robust data archives with more than 600 premier data sets and over 275,000 variables. You can access this collection at the Sociometrics site in addition to accessing it from the Library webpage by SEEDL.

Article Feature: Mapping a Media Controversy (Trayvon Martin)

In case you missed First Monday‘s extensive analysis of the way the Trayvon Martin story moved through the media…The Battle for ‘Trayvon Martin’: Mapping a Media Controversy Online and Off-line, by Erhardt Graeff, Matt Stempeck, and Etan Zuckerman.

One of the biggest news stories of 2012, the killing of Trayvon Martin, nearly disappeared from public view, initially receiving only cursory local news coverage. But the story gained attention and controversy over Martin’s death dominated headlines, airwaves, and Twitter for months, thanks to a savvy publicist working on behalf of the victim’s parents and a series of campaigns off–line and online. Using the theories of networked gatekeeping and networked framing, we map out the vast media ecosystem using quantitative data about the content generated around the Trayvon Martin story in both off–line and online media, as well as measures of engagement with the story, to trace the interrelations among mainstream media, nonprofessional and social media, and their audiences. We consider the attention and link economies among the collected media sources in order to understand who was influential when, finding that broadcast media is still important as an amplifier and gatekeeper, but that it is susceptible to media activists working through participatory or nonprofessional media to co–create the news and influence the framing of major controversies. Our findings have implications for social change organizations that seek to harness advocacy campaigns to news stories, and for scholars studying media ecology and the networked public sphere.

First Monday is one of one of the first open access (since 1996), peer-reviewed journals devoted to the Internet. The Trayvon Martin piece appeared in the February issue and new March articles are upon us, such as Taking tweets to the streets: A spatial analysis of the Vinegar Protests in Brazil and Homelessness, wirelessness, and (in)visibility: Critical reflections on the Homeless Hotspots Project and the ensuing online discourseIf you’re not keeping up with First Monday, you’re not keeping up with the Internet. 

The Stuart Hall Project

Newly available in the Annenberg Library is the much anticipated John Akomfrah film, The Stuart Hall Project. This film, about one of the founding figures of cultural studies, received a lot of buzz at this year’s Sundance and Sheffield Documentary festivals.

“Stuart Hall, one of the most preeminent intellectuals on the Left in Britain, updates this definition as he eloquently theorizes that cultural identity is fluid—always morphing and stretching toward possibility but also constantly experiencing nostalgia for a past that can never be revisited. Filmmaker John Akomfrah uses the rich and complex mood created by Miles Davis’s trumpet to root a masterful tapestry of newly filmed material, archival imagery, excerpts from television programs, home movies, and family photographs to create this lyrical and emotionally powerful portrait of the life and philosophy of this influential theorist. Like a fine scotch, The Stuart Hall Project is smooth, complicated, and euphorically pleasing. It taps into a singular intelligence to extract the tools we need to make sense of our lives in the modern world.”
–Sundance Film website

You can view the trailer here.

Encyclopedia of Social Media and Politics

The Encyclopedia of Social Media and Politics is a three volume work from Sage that explores the rise of social media effects on politics in the United States and around the world. 

Edited by Kerric Harvey of George Washington University, the work carries over 600 essays that fall in general topic areas: Celebrities and Pioneers in Social Media; Congressional Social Media Usage, Measuring Social Media’s Impact; Misuse of Social Media in the Political Arena; Social Media, Candidates and Campaigns; Social Media, Politics and Culture; Social Media and Networking Web Sites; Social Media and Political Unrest, Social Media and Social Activism; Social Media Concepts and Theories; Social Media Regulation, Public Policy and Actual Practice; and Social Media Types, Innovation and Technology.  

Volume III includes not only a good resource guide of related books, journals and websites but  a detailed appendix tracking social media usage by U.S. Senators and Congressmen–what platforms they use, and the number and frequency of their posts.

These volumes are a good place for beginners and more seasoned researchers to start their investigation of this rapidly transforming area of two interlocking fields, communication and political science.  Available in the Reference section of the Annenberg Library.