Website Feature: Journalists’s Resource

I thought I’d check out Journalist’s Resource, a project of the Harvard Kennedy School’s Shorenstein Center, since it was named (with 25 others)  “Best Free Reference Web Site 2013” by the American Library Association. I was not disappointed. While the site is for practitioners, it is rich in research, research journalists need on the topics they are reporting on. By extension, non-journalists interested in wading deeper into an issue are welcome as well:

We invite all those interested in policy and public affairs to use the site’s materials. No registration is required; the materials are free and are under a Creative Commons license. Our open-access project is designed to provide state-of-knowledge information on topics of public interest. In an era of information overload, we hope you’ll see us as a useful tool that condenses quality information from authoritative sources and presents it succinctly. – See more at: http://journalistsresource.org/about#sthash.gMmiM669.dpuf

We invite all those interested in policy and public affairs to use the site’s materials. No registration is required; the materials are free and are under a Creative Commons license. Our open-access project is designed to provide state-of-knowledge information on topics of public interest. In an era of information overload, we hope you’ll see us as a useful tool that condenses quality information from authoritative sources and presents it succinctly. …Establishing and promoting the concept of “knowledge-based reporting” animates the project; the philosophy is articulated in the new book Informing the News: The Need for Knowledge-Based Journalism, by Tom Patterson, our research director. Many of the nation’s top journalism educators and thinkers have been promoting the idea of bringing journalism closer to the research world — both to meet the profession’s social mission and to ensure its high value in an increasingly crowded marketplace — and our site strives to provide a structure for accomplishing this.

Establishing and promoting the concept of “knowledge-based reporting” animates the project; the philosophy is articulated in the new book Informing the News: The Need for Knowledge-Based Journalism, by Tom Patterson, our research director. Many of the nation’s top journalism educators and thinkers have been promoting the idea of bringing journalism closer to the research world — both to meet the profession’s social mission and to ensure its high value in an increasingly crowded marketplace — and our site strives to provide a structure for accomplishing this. Our project has been partnering with the New York Times, for example, to help create more research-related resources for readers. We also actively foster the improvement of Wikipedia pages relating to policy topics. – See more at: http://journalistsresource.org/about#sthash.UFIkxch7.dpuf

The meat of the website is the “Studies Database” which can be key-word searched or one can browse the list of topics in the following areas: economics (banks, jobs, real estate), environment (food, climate change, pollution) government (budget, infrastructure, Congress), international (human rights, globalization, China), politics (elections, digital democracy, campaign finance), and society (race, education, internet). Searches will produce research articles from academic journals, some of which are otherwise behind pay walls. A research roundup piece on Twitter, Politics and the Publicprovides articles from Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, Social Science Computer Review, Duke Law & Technology Review, Information, Communication & Society, Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, Microsoft Research, Pew Internet and American Life Project, various society conference papers, and so on. 

The site also has the beginnings of a rich syllabus section, only nine so far, all addressing coverage skills (business reporting, political reporting, science reporting, etc.) but they may add critical journalism and media studies related syllabi in the future. 

I was wondering this very question posed in the FAQ: Can I suggest a study? “Definitely. If you know of scholarly material that meets our research criteria, send it to… Also, if you feel that material that we’ve included doesn’t meet these standards or if better research on a similar topic is available, feedback is always appreciated.”

As we are wont to bemoan the level of the discourse in our media culture this initiative offers some hope for raising the bar a little. It is also a much needed bridge for journalism scholars and practicing journalists to cross from both directions.

We invite all those interested in policy and public affairs to use the site’s materials. No registration is required; the materials are free and are under a Creative Commons license. Our open-access project is designed to provide state-of-knowledge information on topics of public interest. In an era of information overload, we hope you’ll see us as a useful tool that condenses quality information from authoritative sources and presents it succinctly. – See more at: http://journalistsresource.org/about#sthash.gMmiM669.dpuf
We invite all those interested in policy and public affairs to use the site’s materials. No registration is required; the materials are free and are under a Creative Commons license. Our open-access project is designed to provide state-of-knowledge information on topics of public interest. In an era of information overload, we hope you’ll see us as a useful tool that condenses quality information from authoritative sources and presents it succinctly. – See more at: http://journalistsresource.org/about#sthash.gMmiM669.dpuf
Based at Harvard’s Shorenstein Center, the Journalist’s Resource project examines news topics through a research lens; we focus on surfacing scholarly materials that may be relevant to other media practitioners, bloggers, educators, students and general readers. The American Library Association named it a “Best Free Reference Web Site 2013.” – See more at: http://journalistsresource.org/about#sthash.gMmiM669.dpuf
American Library Association named it a “Best Free Reference Web Site 2013.” – See more at: http://journalistsresource.org/about#sthash.gMmiM669.dpuf
American Library Association named it a “Best Free Reference Web Site 2013.” – See more at: http://journalistsresource.org/about#sthash.gMmiM669.dpuf
American Library Association named it a “Best Free Reference Web Site 2013.” – See more at: http://journalistsresource.org/about#sthash.gMmiM669.dpuf
American Library Association named it a “Best Free Reference Web Site 2013.” – See more at: http://journalistsresource.org/about#sthash.gMmiM669.dpuf
Shorenstein Center
Shorenstein Center
Shorenstein Center
Shorenstein Center

Audiovisual Citation Guidelines


The British Universities Film & Video Council has just launched the most comprehensive set of guidelines for citing audiovisual materials to date. As authors of the guide point out, “existing guidelines for the referencing of moving image and sound are often insufficient as they are based on standards developed for the written word.”

 
This 19-page guide, Audio-Visual Citation: BUFVC Guidelines for Referencing Moving Image and Sound, provides examples of how to cite feature films versus feature films on DVD or with DOI access online, extracts from features, extra feature documentary material from DVD titles, amateur films from private collections, film trailers accessed online, artist installation film, television accessed from DVDs or online or as part of online archive, advertisements accessed online.  You get the idea. Radio too. Music downloads, podcasts. Also new media examples of user-generated content, online-only programs and games.

“This guide now makes it possible for any writer (even a student) to lead their readers to the exact audiovisual source they are discussing”–John Ellis, Professor of Media Arts, Royal Holloway,  University of London 


Middle East and Islamic Resources from CRL

The latest issue of the Center for Research Libraries’ online publication, Focus on Global Resources, features Middle East and Islamic scholarly source material available from CRL. Articles showcase research using Turkish newspapers, recent efforts to document the “Arab Spring” revolution, and how new technologies, specifically Archive-It, a web-crawling utility, are being used to capture the Middle East web.

CRL is an international consortium of research libraries that jointly collects and preserves newspapers, journals, and other archive materials. A large percentage of their acquisitions are from outside the United States, with major emphasis on the developing world. Member institutions provide students, faculty, and other researchers access to the collection through Interlibrary Loan and electronic delivery.

Tracking the Crackups: News on the Net

Searcher Magazine features a roundup of go-to internet sites for breaking news. You can read the article, Tracking the Crackups: News on the Net, by Irene McDermott, online via the Penn Library e-resources. Or you can just rifle through the sites mentioned in the article without context with the useful resource list the magazine provides on the open web for free.
***************************************************************************************
These URLs appear in the column:
INTERNET EXPRESS: TRACKING THE CRACKUPS: NEWS ON THE NET
by Irene E. McDermott
Reference Librarian/Systems Manager
Crowell Public Library, City of San Marino
Searcher, the Magazine for Database Professionals
Vol. 19, No. 4 • May 2011

https://sslearthquake.usgs.gov/ens/

http://www.nytimes.com

http://english.aljazeera.net

http://www.huffingtonpost.com

http://english.aljazeera.net/watch_now/


Twitter for News

http://stunlaw.blogspot.com/2011/02/ontology-of-twitter.html

http://search.twitter.com

http://muckrack.com

http://www.twitterfall.com

http://listorious.com

http://mashable.com/guidebook/twitter/


News Aggregators

http://thelede.blogs.nytimes.com

http://www.storyful.com

http://theweek.com

http://globalvoicesonline.org


Newspapers Online

http://www.onlinenewspapers.com

http://www.newseum.org/todaysfrontpages/default.asp

http://www.abyznewslinks.com

http://ipl.org/div/news/


Reports from Responders and International Media

http://www.radioreference.com/apps/audio/

http://www.livestation.com

http://www.inciweb.org

http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsww/

http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/dyfi


News Analysis

http://www.wikistrat.com

http://www.theatlantic.com

http://www.thedailybeast.com

http://fivethirtyeight.blogs.nytimes.com

http://www.amconmag.com/larison/


The New Media Revolutions

http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2011/04/learning-to-love-the-shallow-divisive-unreliable-new-media/8415/1


THE NEWS DISAPPEARS

http://blogs.loc.gov/loc/2010/04/how-tweet-it-is-library-acquires-entire-twitter-archive/

http://searchengineland.com/where-have-all-the-old-tweets-gone-33579

http://www.google.com/realtime

http://www.google.com/reader/

IJoC’s Network Multidimensionality in the Digital Age

From the latest ICA newsletter: The International Journal of Communication (IJoC) is pleased to announce the publication ([April 11, 2011] of a Special Section, “Network Multidimensionality in the Digital Age,” coedited by Manuel Castells, Peter Monge, and Noshir Contractor. Human communication networks, like those typically found in the network society, are highly complex and relationally rich in that they often connect different types of objects with multiple types of relations. This special section presents seven articles that explore the implications of this network multidimensionality. The articles cover a broad array of issues including network sociomateriality, network power, network exclusion, the semantic web, network fuzziness, and network spheres. The theoretical implications of network multidimensionality are explored and a number of relevant social examples are examined including the degrees of freedom in WikiLeaks networks, the kinds of power in societal networks, and the network changes that occur when technologies and other sociomaterial objects are brought inside the network. The keynote article by Bruno Latour argues that network multidimensionality eradicates the long-standing theoretical distinction between individual and society. Collectively, these papers provide a rich compendium of ideas and arguments on the theoretical and practical implications of network multidimensionality.

Evolution of Media Effects Theory

University of Michigan researchers, W. Russell Neuman and Lauren Guggenheim trace the development of media effects theories from 1956-2005 through citation analysis of over 20 thousand articles from five top communication journals. Their findings are published in the latest Communication Theory (Volulme 21, Number 2, May 2011). This issue can be found in the e-journals section of the Penn Libraries website.


The Evolution of Media Effects Theory: A Six-Stage Model of Cumulative Research W. Russell Neuman and Lauren Guggenheim

ABSTRACT

The literature of media effects is frequently characterized as a three-stage progression initially embracing a theory of strong effects followed by a repudiation of earlier work and new model of minimal effects followed by yet another repudiation and a rediscovery of strong effects. We argue that although this dramatic and somewhat romantic simplification may be pedagogically useful in introductory courses, it may prove a significant impediment to further theoretical refinement and progress in advanced scholarship. We analyze the citation patterns of 20,736 scholarly articles in five communication journals with special attention to the 200 most frequently cited papers in an effort to provide an alternative six-stage model of, we argue, cumulative media effects theories for the period 1956–2005.

Media Piracy in Emerging Economies

The Social Science Resource Council has just released the first independent, large-scale study of music, film and software piracy in emerging economies, focusing on Brazil, India, Russia, South Africa, Mexico and Bolivia. 

Media Piracy in Emerging Economies is “based on three years of work by some thirty-five researchers [and]tells two overarching stories: one tracing the explosive growth of piracy as digital technologies became cheap and ubiquitous around the world, and another following the growth of industry lobbies that have reshaped laws and law enforcement around copyright protection. The report argues that these efforts have largely failed, and that the problem of piracy is better conceived as a failure of affordable access to media in legal markets.”

Major Findings
* Prices are too high. High prices for media goods, low incomes, and cheap digital technologies are the main ingredients of global media piracy. Relative to local incomes in Brazil, Russia, or South Africa, the retail price of a CD, DVD, or copy of MS Office is five to ten times higher than in the US or Europe. Legal media markets are correspondingly tiny and underdeveloped.

* Competition is good. The chief predictor of low prices in legal media markets is the presence of strong domestic companies that compete for local audiences and consumers. In the developing world, where global film, music, and software companies dominate the market, such conditions are largely absent.

* Antipiracy education has failed. The authors find no significant stigma attached to piracy in any of the countries examined. Rather, piracy is part of the daily media practices of large and growing portions of the population.

* Changing the law is easy. Changing the practice is hard. Industry lobbies have been very successful at changing laws to criminalize these practices, but largely unsuccessful at getting governments to apply them. There is, the authors argue, no realistic way to reconcile mass enforcement and due process, especially in countries with severely overburdened legal systems.

* Criminals can’t compete with free. The study finds no systematic links between media piracy and organized crime or terrorism in any of the countries examined. Today, commercial pirates and transnational smugglers face the same dilemma as the legal industry: how to compete with free.

* Enforcement hasn’t worked. After a decade of ramped up enforcement, the authors can find no impact on the overall supply of pirated goods.

Mobile Stats

mobiThinking is a great site for free information on the mobile technology on the global scale. It includes practical guides to mobile agencies, ad networks, top mobile markets, interviews and analysis, showcase sites and case studies, industry events and awards, a comprehensive list of links to mobile resources and a compendium of mobile statistics, which can be found under the “Global Marketing Tools” tab, Global mobile statistics 2011

AdMob Metrics is another good source for tracking this data, although their latest reports are March and May 2010.

NielsenWire has some data on the State of Mobile Apps, as well as other blog posts in their “online + global” section.

Of course, there’s the ever reliable Pew Internet & American Life Project’s Mobile Access 2010 for a thorough analysis of United States data.

Introducing Oxford Bibliographies Online: Communication

“GPS for scholars,” as it likes to refer to itself, Oxford Bibliographies Online offers literature guides prepared by subject experts in a variety of fields including Communication. Additional subject modules Penn subscribes to are Atlantic History, Biblical Studies, Buddhism, Classics, Criminology, Hinduism, International Relations, Islamic Studies, Medieval Studies, Philosophy, Public Health, Renaissance and Reformation, Social Work, and Victorian Literature. Other modules are due out later in the year, including Cinema Studies and Anthropology.

OBO sees itself as a remedy for information overload which is everywhere, including academia.

Traditional bibliographies and the online abstracting & indexing services that emerged out of them are no help here. These tools suited research needs when we were in information scarcity culture, but in information overload culture these unfiltered lists of everything published lose their value—they’ve simply become too large to be meaningful. Users do not know exactly why a citation showed up in their search results, they do not know how it fits in the history of scholarship, and they have no indication which resources are of high scholarly quality and which are less reliable. In the end, the white noise of information overload culture yields the same results as the lack of content in our previous information scarcity culture: research paralysis. We don’t need unfiltered lists of citations. Today’s challenge is to build a resource that guides scholarly research through the growing mass of unqualified academic output, offering selective annotated research paths that are insightful, increase productivity, and raise the level of quality in new scholarship. –Letter from the Publisher

OBO claims that each article included in their guides receives multiple peer reviews as well as editorial board vetting. What’s very nice about this world of essential texts that OBO is carving out for students and researchers is that every cited item links to full-text. Also promised are frequent updates so that these modules represent where the field is currently at, at least in theory. The Communication module is edited by Patricia Moy (University of Washington). There are over 50 members on the editorial board, including three Annenberg grads, Yariv Tsfati (University of Haifa), Matthew Carlson (Saint Louis University), and Brian Southwell (University of Minnesota). Over 60 subject areas are covered in this edition and more (with additional Annenberg editorial representation) are slated to be added in Fall 2011 and Spring 2012. This product is so new I don’t have a personal feel with it yet but I am looking forward to getting to know it. I certainly applaud the initiative because we are all drowning if we are not sifting and sifting takes time. OBO is not only doing the sifting but has assigned the task to proven experts.

Latest issue of Media, War & Conflict on the CNN Effect


The April 2011 (Volume 4, 1) issue of Media, War & Conflict is devoted to the CNN Effect. Interestingly, one of the pieces is on Japanese foreign disaster relief in the 1990s as related to the CNN effect (Van Belle and Potter).

Articles include:

The CNN effect reconsidered: mapping a research agenda for the future, by Piers Robinson

Time to move on: new media realities – new vulnerabilities of power, by Nik Gowing

The CNN effect reconsidered (again): problematizing ICT and global governance in the CNN effect research agenda, by Steven Livingston

Did the Global War on Terror end the CNN effect? by Babak Bahador

Media and foreign policy in central and eastern Europe post 9/11: in from the cold? by Ekaterina Balabanova

Japanese foreign disaster assistance: the ad hoc period in international politics and the illusion of a CNN effect, by Douglas A Van Belle and David M Potter