Communication Inside the Bubble of the Automobile

A recent Semiotica (Issue 191, Aug 2012) has a themed section on communicative behaviors and the automobile. From the framing piece (Meaning and Motion: Sharing the Car, Sharing the Drive) that leads off:

“The papers of this issue are informed primarily by the insights and analytical approaches of ethnomethodology and conversation analysis (EM/CA), in particular for studying the multimodal nature of social interaction, for example, as represented in a recent collection in this journal (Stivers and Sidnell 2005b). In their analyses, the authors in this special issue address a range of “semiotic modalities” (see Stivers and Sidnell 2005a: 1), including verbal (language), and visuospatial and embodied modalities of gesture, gaze, body postural position and movement, facial expression, and available resources (e.g., objects) and features of car as a material setting. The papers therefore draw on the cumulative insights and approaches of over three decades of research on interaction as embodied and occurring relative to its material and spatial surrounds (especially after Goodwin 1981; e.g., see McIlvenny et al. 2009), across a huge range of both everyday and work settings (e.g., courtrooms and police work, classrooms and other sites of instruction, surgery and medical and health consultations, meetings, research fieldwork, control centers, and collaborative professional work)…The primary data for each of the papers for this issue are video/audio recordings of real-life driving journeys, from which the authors have made detailed transcriptions and taken stills. Analyses are informed by ethnographic detail. The recordings have been made across a number of countries (France, Israel, Australia, the UK, Finland, and the USA). The recordings capture people from a rich variety of different nationalities (in addition to the above, people from Norway and Slovenia), and represent individual drivers, families, friends, work colleagues, children, and teenagers. The papers therefore provide a rich selection of studies of everyday life inside the car. Together they begin to reveal something of the working and order of a particular activity site, and even about specific social relations and groupings (such as family, etc.), as they are situated and realized moment-to-moment (Goodwin 2007).”

Here are the articles:

Meaning in motion: Sharing the car, sharing the drive

Haddington, Pentti / Nevile, Maurice / Keisanen, Tiina

What it means to change lanes: Actions, emotions and wayfinding in the family car

Laurier, Eric / Brown, Barry / Hayden, Lorimer

Movement in action: Initiating social navigation in cars

Haddington, Pentti

Interaction as distraction in driving: A body of evidence

Nevile, Maurice

“Uh-oh, we were going there”: Environmentally occasioned noticings of trouble in in-car interaction

Keisanen, Tiina

Talking and driving: Multiactivity in the car

Mondada, Lorenza

Car talk: Integrating texts, bodies, and changing landscapes

 Goodwin, Marjorie Harness / Goodwin, Charles

The eyes have it: Technologies of automobility in sign language

Keating, Elizabeth / Mirus, Gene

Inhabiting the family-car: Children-passengers and parents-drivers on the school run

Noy, Chaim

Recent Scholarship on Fair Use

In the latest issue of Cinema Journal (Volume 52, Number 2, Winter 2013), Peter Decherney leads a conversation with three other scholars on academic writing on fair use since 1990.  Joining him are Bill Herman, Jessica Silbey, and Rebecca Tushnet who respond to this introductory provocation:

A new wave of books takes account of the post-1990 landscape of fair use and its impact on culture, business, and creativity. Kembrew McLeod and Peter DiCola’s Creative License examines the mounting restrictions courts have placed on music sampling and the resulting transformation of hip-hop music.3 Patricia Aufderheide and Peter Jaszi’s Reclaiming Fair Use chronicles and situates the movement they started to create fair-use best-practices documents.4 William Patry’s How to Fix Copyright argues that fair use is an important engine for innovation and job creation that should be adopted beyond the United States.5Jason Mazzone’s Copyfraud and Other Abuses of Intellectual Property Law details copyright holders’ adeptness at claiming rights far in excess of those given to them by the law.6 And my own Hollywood’s Copyright Wars argues that the Internet has homogenized fair-use communities that were once treated as distinct groups.7 Significantly, these are works by both media scholars and legal scholars, who are often collaborating on the same texts. Other projects, like the Organization for Transformative Works and its journal, also bring together lawyers and media scholars to think about fair use and its impact on culture. What do you think these books (and others) tell us about the changing character of fair use? And what are the implications for scholars, archivists, and media makers? –Peter Decherney

This article and the texts it mentions/addresses is good way to get up to speed on the current scholarly landscape of fair use. Cinema Journal is available from the Penn Libraries e-resources.

Vogue Archive

On the heels of last month’s Fashion Week we are happy to welcome a new addition to the Penn Library website,  The Vogue Archive. 

The Vogue Archive contains the entire run of Vogue magazine (US edition) from 1892 to the present day, reproduced in high-resolution color page images. More than 400,000 pages are included, constituting a treasure trove of the work from the greatest designers, photographers, stylists and illustrators of the 20th and 21st centuries. Vogue is a unique record of American and international popular culture that extends beyond fashion. The Vogue Archive is an essential primary source for the study of fashion, gender and modern social history – past, present and future.
 
The database will allow fashion design and photography students to find inspirational images, but will also cater for academic study. Fashion marketing students will be able to research the history of a brand identity by viewing every advertisement for a brand such as Revlon, Coty, Versace or Chanel between specified dates. Researchers in cultural studies and gender studies will be able to explore themes such as body image, gender roles and social tastes from the 1890s to the present.  –Proquest

What’s really great is that as historical as the archive is, it will continually be current, that is, the latest issue will be added each month with no embargo period (thank you Conde Nast!). Users can search on all text, captions, and titles throughout the magazine, including advertisements and covers.

Introducing Metamedia

Check out a new site, Metamedia, on the Annenberg Library homepage (in the section Visual/Multimedia).
 
Here you will find over 600 movies about communication as it is situated in some form of media–television, radio, the telephone, photographs, the internet, recorded music, etc. These are movies in which media (including codes of communication) are central or catalytic to the story and/or main characters in the story represent media practitioners, professional or amateur. Metamedia includes fictional films as well as documentaries. And it includes world cinema as well as Hollywood.

The site also includes a Discussion Board for readers to makes comments and suggestions. The site can be a sort of community project. The current list of films is by no means complete so I look forward to urgings for must-adds, why isn’t _________ on the list???

Access to films featured in Metamedia varies. If the entry includes a link to VCat, that means it’s available at Penn–usually Van Pelt or Annenberg though there are a few other movie collections on campus. The list also includes titles that we don’t have at Penn, in which case there will be a link to IMBD or a website that sells (or at least has more information about) the title.

I think the site is fairly easy to tool around in. There are 51 topical areas if you are looking for specific themes or genres. You may be looking for only documentaries, or only movies about radio, or you want to get out of the United States (click on World). Here are the topics: Advertising * Art * Biography * Cartoons/Animation * Celebrity * Children/Youth * Communication disorders * Communication-General * Computers/New Media * Consumerism *Copyright/Intellectual property * Crime * Disaster/Risk communication * Documentary * Election campaigns * Environmental communication * Film/Filmmaking * Free Speech/Censorship * Gaming * Health communication * Information Interview * Journalism * Language * Mass media * Media-Amateur/Grassroots *Media ethics * Media violence * Minorities-Racial/Ethnic * Minorities-Sexual * Music/Recording industry * Newspapers * Non-Verbal communication / Photography * Political communication * Pornography * Privacy/Surveillance * Public relations/Persuasion * Public space  * Religion * Radio * Representation * Sports * Supernatural communication * Telephonic Communication * Television * War * World * Women/Gender * Writing/Publishing

New Journal: Psychology of Popular Media Culture

Beginning their first issue January 2012, the American Psychology Association launched a new journal devoted to popular media, Psychology of Popular Media Culture.  Edited by James C. Kaufman, the quarterly is “dedicated to publishing empirical research and papers on how popular culture and general media influence individual, group, and system behavior.”
You can access this journal in PsycARTICLES from Library e-resources. You can also sign up to get TOC or RSS feeds for the journal at the the publisher’s website.
A sample of articles from the first (already three!) issues:
Reassessing media violence effects using a risk and resilience approach to understanding aggression.
Television produces more false recognition for news than newspapers. 
Real feelings for virtual people: Emotional attachments and interpersonal attraction in video games.
The delinquent media effect: Delinquency-reinforcing video games increase players attitudinal and behavioral inclination toward delinquent behavior.
Humor in advertisements enhances product liking by mere association.
A two-process view of Facebook use and relatedness need-satisfaction: Disconnection drives use, and connection rewards it.
Exposure to slim images in mass media: Television commercials as reminders of restriction in restrained eaters.
Partner preferences across the life span: Online dating by older adults.
Cell phone use and child and adolescent reading proficiency.
Consensus and contrasts in consumers’ cinematic assessments: Gender, age, and nationality in rating the top-250 films.
Frequency and quality of social networking among young adults: Associations with depressive symptoms, rumination, and corumination.
Saddam Hussein is “dangerous to the extreme”: The ethics of professional commentary on public figures.

Journal of European Television History and Culture

EuScreen, comprised of European broadcasters and audiovisual archives going back to the early 1900s up to the present, has not only recently launched it’s open access site but also “the first peer-reviewed, multi-media and open access e-journal in the field of European television history and culture,” Journal of European Television History and Culture.

The journal acts both as a platform for critical reflection on the cultural, social and political role of television in Europe’s past and presence and as a multi-media platform for the presentation and re-use of digitized audiovisual material. In bridging the gap between academic and archival concerns for television and in analyzing the political and cultural importance of television in a transnational and European perspective, the new journal aims at establishing an innovative platform for the critical interpretation and creative use of digitized audio-visual sources. In doing so, it will challenge a long tradition of television research that was – and to a huge amount still is – based on the analysis of written sources. In offering a unique technical infrastructure for a multi-media presentation of critical reflections on European television, the journal aims at stimulating new narrative forms of online storytelling, making use of the rich digitized audiovisual collections of television archives around Europe. All articles in the journal must make use of audio-visual sources that will have to be embedded in the narrative: not as “illustrations” of an historical or theoretical argumentation, but as problematized evidence of a research question. (Editors statement.)

The first issue, Vol 1, No 1 (2012), of the journal is titled: Making Sense of Digital Sources and is edited by Andreas Fickers, Sonja de Leeu.

Media Consumption Data from Nielsen

From Nielsen, a report on media consumption in the home and on the go.

Almost one in three U.S. TV households – 35.9 million – owns four or more televisions, according to a new report on media usage from Nielsen. Across the ever-changing U.S. media landscape, TV maintains its stronghold as the most popular device, with 290 million Americans and 114.7 households owning at least one. In contrast, 211 million Americans are online and 116 million (ages 13+) access the mobile Web.

Introducing EUscreen

EUscreen, is an ambitious audiovisual, mostly television, archive project whose aim is to bring together in one digital space millions of items from libraries, archives and museums from all over Europe (20 countries). The selection policy is currently three-pronged.  Items are selected either to inform 14 historical topics, as part of a virtual exhibition on themes that content providers select themselves, or as part of exhibitions on comparative themes across the region. Topics are broad: Arts and culture, Being European, Disasters, Education, Environment and Nature, Health, History of  Euroropean Television, Lifestyle and Consumerism, National holidays, festivals…, Politics and Economics, Religion and Belief, Society and Social Issues, Special Collections, The Media, Transportation, Science and Technology, War and Conflict, and Work and Production.  Genres are: Advertisements, Drama/Fictions, Entertainment and Performing Arts, Factual, Interstitials and Trailers, News, and Sport. 15 languages are represented. These video, audio, image and text materials range from the early 1900s to the present day.
In early 2012 EUscreen will launch an eJournal dedicated to the history of European television.  The journal will live on the EUscreen site.  Besides the searchable database of materials, the site will showcase curated exhibitions from member archives.

EUscreen is currently in beta but it is up and available.  Keep an eye on it in the coming year as it goes into full breakout mode.

Journal Feature: Critical Inquiry on The Wire


“Way Down in the Whole”: Systematic Inequality and The Wire, by Anmol Chaddha and William Julius Wilson, leads off a discussion in the latest issue of Critical Inquiry 38 (Autumn 2011). Patrick Jagoda (Wired), Kenneth W. Warren (Sociology and The Wire), and Linda Williams (Ethnographic Imaginary: The Genesis and Genius of The Wire) provide the critical response. Finally, Chaddha and Wilson have the last word with The Wire’s Impact, A Rejoinder.

Critical Inquiry is available from Penn Library’s e-resources.

Special issue of Topia

“Cultures of Militarization” is the topic of a special double issue of TOPIA: Canadian Journal of Cultural Studies (23-24, 2010).

This special double issue adds perspective to the rampant militarization of everyday civilian culture. Edited by Jody Berland (York University) and Blake Fitzpatrick (Ryerson University), “Cultures of Militarization” features contributions from twenty-two international scholars and artists whose work investigates the processes through which military presence is normalized or critiqued in private, public and national narratives.

Articles

Introduction: Cultures of Militarization and the Military-Cultural Complex (the editors)

A.L. McCready Tie a Yellow Ribbon ‘Round Public Discourse, National Identity and the War: Neoliberal Militarization and the Yellow Ribbon Campaign in Canada

Howard Fremeth Searching for the Militarization of Canadian Culture: The Rise of a Military-Cultural Memory Network

Carole R. McKenna Canadian and American Cultures of Militarism: Coping Mechanisms in a Military-Industrial-Service-Complex

Uli Linke Fortress Europe: Globalization, Militarization and the Policing of the Interior Borderland

Markus Kienscherf Plugging Cultural Knowledge into the U.S. Military Machine: The Neo-Orientalist Logic of Counterinsurgency

Neil Balan Corrective for Cultural Studies: Beyond the Militarization Thesis to the New Military Intelligence

Erin Riley Operation Nunalivut – Photo Essay

Susan Cahill Conflict(ing) Narratives: Representations of War in “The Battleground Project” and the Performative Potential of its Audience

Marc Lafleur Tracing the Absent-Present of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in America as Sensuous Encounter: Notes on (Nuclear) Ruins

Mary Alemany-Galway Peter Jackson’s use of Hollywood Film Genres in The Lord of the Rings and New Zealand’s Anti-nuclear Stance

Stuart Allan and Kari Anden-Papadopoulos Come on, let us shoot! : Wikileaks, Militarization and Journalism

Bill Burns Extraterritorial prison plans and a play list in the style of IKEA – Art Work

David Clearwater Living in a Militarized Culture: War, Games and the Experience of U.S. Empire

Ian Roderick Mil-bot Fetishism: The Pataphysics of Military Robots

Mary Sterpa King Preparing the Instantaneous Battlespace: a Cultural Examination of Network Centric Warfare

Gary Genosko The Terrorist Entrepreneur

James R. Compton Fear and Spectacle on the Planet of Slums

Christopher Dornan Unknown Soldiers: On the Comparative Absence of the Military from Canadian Entertainment Film and Television

Jim Daems “i wish war wud fuck off:” bill bissett’s Critique of the Military-Cultural Complex”

Darin Barney Miserable Priests and Ordinary Cowards: On Being a Professor

This issue is available in print at the ASC Library.